via Lester MacGurdy. Feb 11, 2012:
Anarchist Law for New Occupation
The first Occupation of Occupy Portland was betrayed from the inside because the leaders never devised any rational social system for the camp. The only alternative they were left with to maintain order was to plot to shut it down, which they did.
Anarchism provides the only realistic social awareness that could allow for order within such a community (a community opposed to the laws of our society), but the leaders in the camp were firmly anti-anarchist. Anarchism demands that the person is not alienated from the fruits of their labor, i.e. the power within their own bodies to assure their survival.
Below is a working framework for anarchist social organization derived from a recent article on Anarchism by Lester Macgurdy and the tribal laws of Pashtunwali.
Any future occupation should be based upon the organization described below-
A. Camp shall be organized into tribes
i. Tribes shall be of approximately equal size
ii. The largest tribe can only have either 30 people or 5 more people than the smallest tribe. Children under 16 shall not be included in the total.
iii. Each person and tribe has equal right to and responsibility for communal services
iv. Each tribe has a council in which every adult member of said tribe has the right to participate.
v. Each person shall have the unlimited right to join or leave tribes at their convenience
vi. Each tribe shall engage in the manual labor to maintain the community as a whole (fishing, farming, erecting structures, security, maintenance, etc.)
vii. No tribe shall deny another tribe or person the right to pass over their land or to grow crops or graze animals on unused portions of their land
viii. Each tribe is responsible for the maintenance, defense, and security of their portion of communal land. Any guest within their communal space shall be defended as part of the tribe. Refusal to defend guests or seeking the deliberate harm of guests is grounds for ejection of tribes from the camp.
A. Hospitality and Revenge is the basis of law.
i. Our physical bodies being the only possession granted by nature to ensure our survival, no ideology will be accepted that would serve to alienate persons of the right to utilize their own bodies in the defense of themselves, their possessions, their tribe, family, friends, or community as a whole.
ii. No person shall be deprived of the fruits of their labor through wage slavery.
iii. Hospitality being the human social behavior that enables the existence of society necessitates that tribes or persons exhibiting a general failure to practice hospitality lose their right to revenge or continued acceptance within community.
iv. When a person approaches a tribe or person and asks for food, water, shelter, defense, clothing, medical care, etc. hospitality demands that it must be provided (if it is possible. If it isn’t then whatever help can be extended shall be extended).
v. No person or tribe shall be relieved of the requirement for hospitality or denied their right of revenge for injury or insult towards them.
B. The camp shall be entirely responsible for policing itself.
i. The duties of internal law enforcement shall be the social duty of every person. No specialized class or occupation shall be created to maintain internal order, nor shall persons or tribes be deputized with special privileges or powers in those regards.
ii. Sharing of information with law enforcement or attempting to gain the aid of law enforcement to resolve any internal dispute is grounds for immediate exile from camp
iii. Any persons or tribes attempting to end occupation of camp shall be immediately ejected from community and any personal possessions remaining within the bounds of the camp shall be burned
iv. Any person that worked to end the last encampment, or who provided information to law enforcement shall be denied decision making capacity or participation in any council, workgroup, team, or other organized bodies. They shall also be denied the right to live in the camp. If three or more tribes deem that person redeemed and worthy of inclusion, they shall bring the matter before General Assembly to petition for reinstatement of individual.
C. Injury and insult are grounds for revenge
i. Individuals determine when they have been injured or insulted.
ii. Punishment for injury or insult is decided by individual wronged. Punishment should match crime, i.e. eye for eye and tooth for tooth. Excessive revenge is grounds for retaliation. The term “excessive” shall be determined by social norms and customs developed through practice.
iii. When an offender or a representative of a person, approaches the offended party and explicitly seeks forgiveness for offense and injury they have caused, the offended party must accept their plea and consider the matter resolved.
iv. If revenge includes physical altercation, it is preferable that offended party demand offending party meet them at a designated time and place within camp to fight under the supervision of referees ensuring fairness and preventing undue physical harm.
D. Individuals may voluntarily submit to the authority of councils
i. Submission to authority of council shall not be interpreted as being blanket submission nor persistent beyond isolated requests for council decision and assistance
ii. Persons may appeal to their council for help or guidance, including assisting in revenge.
iii. Councils may meet for resolution of disputes between their individual members, if disputes can’t be resolved, two councils can appeal to third councils or general assembly for resolution of dispute.
iv. If tribes or persons submit their disputes to councils then the decision rendered in the matter is binding. If the person or tribe disagrees, the dispute can be presented to the general assembly for a final decision and no further appeal is granted.
3. LEGISLATIVE BODY
A. General Assembly is the consensus process in which entire camp has right to attend, vote, speak, and make proposals.
i. General Assembly shall be convened as needed.
ii. General Assembly shall be the only decision making body or process above tribal council.
iii. All decision of General Assembly shall be recorded and made available in a central location in camp for future reference.
iv. Consensus shall be 80% for proposals and a simple majority for disputes.
v. There shall be two facilitators for every matter brought before GA.
vi. Persons or tribes making proposals or bringing disputes shall appoint one facilitator of their choosing to facilitate.
vii. Persons or tribes opposed to a proposal or participating in dispute shall appoint a facilitator of their choosing.
viii. Once voting has begun on a proposal or dispute, it must continue until complete. Any vote that has been stopped mid-process and begun again shall be invalid.
ix. The persons and tribes within the camp decide all camp matters. No person not residing within the camp shall have a vote on camp matters in General Assembly.
x. No GA decision can alter or abolish any rights and requirements already set forth in this document.
xi. Persons or tribes attempting to subvert the General Assembly process are subject to revenge.
G. All economic transactions or trades between people or tribes shall be conducted on the principle of honesty.
i. Honest weights and measures are demanded.
ii. All persons and tribes shall have the right to engage in trade and derive income from said trade.